I am a historian of eighteenth-century France and Assistant Professor of History at the University of Notre Dame. My book, Politics in the Marketplace: Work, Gender, and Citizenship in Revolutionary France, integrates politics, economics, and gender to ask how Parisian market women, called the Dames des Halles, invented notions of citizenship through their everyday trade. This book analyzes how marketplace actors shaped nascent democracy and capitalism and, in doing so, challenges the idea that the French Revolution launched an inherently masculine trajectory for modern citizenship.

Image Copyright: Bibliothèque nationale de France Réserve FOL-VE-53 (G), Claude-Louis Desrais, “Le Marché des Innocents / dessiné d'après nature par Desrais,” Drawing in pencil, pen, and ink; 30.6 x 52.5 cm (1793).